Traffic Safety In Saudi Arabia
Traffic safety requires effective and efficient plans, programs, traffic regulations and preventive procedures to save people, properties and the national security.

Traffic safety pillars:

Vehicle, road and human factors.

First: The vehicle

The means of vehicle safety are:

  • Tire: size, durability, speed rate, production year and storage.
  • Lights: clarity, color and lighting level.
  • Turning and alarming Signals.
  • Mirrors: vehicle rear-view mirror that enables drivers to see the road behind them.
  • Windshield wipers.
  • Service brake and parking brake, which control vehicle movement.
  • Shift Interlock.
  • Sound and light warning indicators (on the dashboard) such as fuel, oil, temperature, speed and battery indicators.
  • Safety belts.
  • Headrests.
  • Children seats.
  • Air bags.

Vehicle safety requirements:

  • Spare tires and the tools used to remove and install them.
  • Fire extinguisher.
  • First aid kit.
  • Rollover door locking systems.
  • Fireproof furniture.
  • Light reflecting triangle.

Realizing the vitality of vehicle Maintenance, the government put protective procedures to secure vehicle maintenance and prevent traffic accidents. The Vehicle Periodic Inspection aims to:

  • Improve quality of vehicle maintenance.
  • Minimize traffic accidents.
  • Maximize vehicle's service life.
  • Protect the environment.
  • Keep road users safe including drivers, passengers, and the pedestrians.
  • Discover problems before getting worse or causing loss (Early troubleshooting.)

Second: The road

Means of safety on road:

  • Realizing the importance of roads, the Saudi Government constructed high quality networks of roads all over the country.
  • Effective road design and structural plans.
  • Road lighting.
  • Road traffic safety procedures such as clearing natural obstacles such as dust and sand.
  • Traffic control instruments such as traffic lights, warning signs, and road cat eyes.
  • Vehicles weighing points between the Saudi governorates and cities.

Third: The driver

The driver is the most effective factor in the traffic operation; a good driver must have the following:

  • Normal state of mind.
  • Healthy senses.
  • Good knowledge of and strict commitment to traffic rules and regulations.
  • High concentration while driving.
  • A strong sense of responsibility.
  • Good knowledge of the vehicle mechanics and maintenance.

The driver's means of safety:

  • Safety belt.
  • Headrest.
  • Medical instruments such as eye glasses, first aid kit and airbags.

Procedures and rules of safe driving

1- Driver's duties before operating the engine:

  • Have a look at the vehicle and check tires.
  • Make sure that doors are closed.
  • Adjust the driver's seat and the steering wheel.
  • Fasten your belt and make sure that all passengers' belts are fastened.
  • Adjust the vehicle rear-view mirrors.
  • Notice the fuel and heat indicators on the dashboard.

2- Operating the engine

3- Moving the vehicle according to traffic laws and regulations

4- Stopping the vehicle:

  • Look at the rear-view mirror that to see the road behind you.
  • Start the stop signal.
  • Decelerate gradually.
  • Push the brakes slowly to stop the car.
  • When the car stops, pull the hand brake.

5- Traffic signs and lights:

  • Traffic warning, control and guidance signs.
  • Checkpoints.
  • Horizontal and floor signs such as paints, illustrations and sidewalks.
  • Traffic Lights.
  • Traffic controls in work areas such as signs, cones, barrels, lightened arrows, flag carriers, etc.

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